Facial Redness & Rosacea
Skin Conditions - Rosacea
Rosacea (roe-ZAY-she-uh) sounds like a fine wine, which is interesting because wine is considered to be a trigger for flare-ups. Rosacea is actually a chronic skin condition that causes redness, burning, painful bumps, inflammation, and visible blood vessels, most commonly on the face. Symptoms or flareups can come and go, frequently occurring in adults aged 30-70 years old with a range of severity. Often hereditary, women tend to get rosacea on the cheeks and chin, while men are more likely to develop a severe case on the nose (rhinophyma). The exact cause of rosacea is unknown, but doctors and dermatologists believe possible causes include immune, nervous, or vascular abnormalities, your genetics, bacteria, and even facial mites could be culprits. Initial signs of rosacea include facial redness and flushing that may come and go from unique triggers depending on the person, including sun exposure; spicy or pungent foods; citrus fruits; alcohol and caffeine; beef and seafood; and stress.
Other symptoms of rosacea include:
- Skin Problems: patches of rough, dry skin, enlarged pores, skin thickening, broken blood vessels, and rashes that look like acne
- Eye Problems: Chalazion (an inflammatory lump on the eyelid); pain; redness; swelling or puffiness; watery, dry, or irritated eyes; broken blood vessels; and difficulting seeing
- Burning: skin stings and burns like a mild sunburn that won’t go away
- Rhinophyma: a red, swollen bulbous nose
There are four types of rosacea, but most people experience varying symptoms that crossover to more than one kind.
Ocular (connected with the eyes or vision) rosacea irritates the eyes, making them persistently watery, dry, bloodshot, or a combination of symptoms. It sometimes can be an early sign indicative of future issues with rosacea on the face. Severe ocular rosacea can damage the cornea, causing blurry vision and, if left untreated, can develop into rosacea keratitis, which can cause blindness. Patients should use warm compresses multiple times a day and eye drops for dryness. If you are experiencing ocular rosacea symptoms while in our office for skin rosacea treatments, our office will refer you to an opthalmologist for a check-up and further diagnosis to help alleviate the symptoms.
Phymatous rosacea or rhinophyma causes unusual skin thickening and irregular nodular masses of bumpy, swollen, and sometimes discolored protrusions. Most often affecting the nose (bulbous nose) of men, it can also affect the chin, forehead, ears, and eyelids. There are some topical creams and oral medications that can help.
Papulopustular rosacea (PPR), also known as acne rosacea, includes some of the same symptoms as common rosacea combined with acne. It typically appears on the cheeks, chin, and forehead of middle-aged women but can also appear on the chest, neck, and scalp. It generally appears as red, inflamed bumps or pustules and is difficult for an untrained eye to distinguish from acne. Combining a good sunscreen along with a great skincare routine, using medical-grade products helps reduce rosacea triggers to minimize flareups.
And you thought the other ones were difficult to pronounce, let’s try erythematotelangiectatic (ery-the-ma-tote-lang-iectat-ic). Erythematotelangiectatic rosacea, or ETR for short, is characterized by facial redness associated with flushing, burning, stinging, and facial edema. Beneath the skin’s surface, dilated blood vessels become visible as the skin becomes more sensitive. Laser and light-based therapies are beneficial in treatment, along with a good skin care regimen.
Unfortunately, there are no known cures for rosacea. If you’re suffering from rosacea-related symptoms, give our office a call to help treat your symptoms, diminish the appearance of rosacea, and improve the look and feel of your skin.